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Organization of activities of Research and Development Station for Fruit Tree Growing Baneasa, Bucharest

62% fundamental research;
30% applicative research;
8% development, enhancement, production of tree planting material;

Main directions and objectives of the Research Station

collect and preserve the germplasm fund for apricots, peaches and nectarine;
creating new apricot, peach and nectarine varieties with increased resistance against diseases, pests and winter frosts as well as late spring frosts;
genetic proof of quality breeding of apricot, peach and nectarine fruit;
study the interaction of genetic resistance of apricot and peach genotypes against stable pathogen agents;
genetic analysis of economical important characteristics of strawberries and fruit bushes;
genetic altering the design and habitus of apricot, peach and nectarine trees in order to set up plantations of high intensity;
biotechnology problems (cultures of embryos and ovules for interspecies hybrids);
finding out the biochemical markers involved in resistance against diseases and freeze;
induce genetic variability by conventional methods (hybridization, consangvinization , physical and chemical mutagenesis);
using biostimulators in fruit tree growing and ornamental plants;
research on integrated fight systems for apricot, peach and nectarine trees, strawberries and fruit bushes;
study of irrigation methods of apricot, peach, nectarine, cherry and sour cherry species for the south area conditions of Romania;

The development sector - as main beneficiary of research results - finances by own resources research themes and technological sequences such as:

introduction of new registered and patented varieties in pilot plots and studying their evolution in production conditions;
phytosanitary protection in integrated system, monitoring and warning about phytosanitary treatments for fruit trees, flowers and dendrological plantations;
monitoring nourishment and fertilization in ecological system of fruit trees and dendrological plantations;
technological sequences for obtaining flowers and ornamental material free of viroses;
monitoring elements that reflects the quality of soil;
monitoring and warning about optimum wetting periods of fruit trees, flowers and ornamental plants;
weeds control.